MORE ABOUT FINAL JURY

Diversity of users should be considered through design. In my 302 studio project, I did not want to put an elevator for people who are not able to walk. I assume elevators as teleportation machines. While putting an elevator, experiences should also be thought. Since it is a “city bazaar” project, my aim is to took people one place to another through wandering. Ramps and stairs attached to walls, which are interpreted traces of 18th centuries dividing walls. For equitable use, my strategy is ensure same means of use for everyone. I used ramps as tactic to provide circulation for disabled human.

I think, flexibility in use should be compulsory in 21st centuries designs.

“…Solid architectural wall was melting away under the pressure of modernity.” Blurring boundaries and limits are returns of industrialization. After physical boundaries vanishing through technology, new ideas of modernism… human beings started to search the possibility of  “adaptibility of spaces” in place of isolating spaces through dividing from each other. Many designers such as Cedric Price do not dictated any function for spaces, program became more important than the function. Relation of spaces create connection, isolation between spaces which thought after thinking program while designing. According to Cedric Price, through design process, possibilities of programs, interactive and variable architecture should be questioned by creators. With modernization, “What building performs?” became more important than “What building is?”. Limits of spaces should be flexible for fitting various programs and unthinkable conditions.  After researches about “flexibility in use”, I aimed to create spaces without predetermined, dictated functions for spaces. Flexible, changeable program became more important for me.  In my project, I asked a question for myself: how can 18th centuries dividing walls be interpreted in 21st century? I tried to explain the changes in 21st century in upper paragraphs. I thought 21st centuries wall should not for isolation, should not for dividing functions, they should framing active instances, this idea came to my mind from “Hogwarts portraits” They give movement, life to wall. Students were examining living paintings on the wall: this is what 21st centuries wall should provide: it should be a living thing, not a static or rigid mass.

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Design should minimize risks while also minimizing unfavorable results of accidents, involuntary movements which can give harm to any user. Railings can be tool for tolerance for error. In my project, installations (40 cm depth space provided) positioned inside of 10 cm reinforced concrete walls. To intervene in any fault condition, shutters which can open and close used. So, expert can deal with problem.

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I agree with Robert Venturi, who supports complexity is a part of architecture, it should not be ignored. However it does not means complexity is not a think which cannot emerge with simplicity. Actually, “simple and intuitive” idea in designs become important after architecture become chaotic with industrialization. Chaos cannot be regarded in architecture, or also it cannot be ignored by designers, architects have to find ways to deal with chaos. In metropolis, chaos is more visible and intensive. Architects should find methods to deal with chaos. Actually, I think chaos is not something people should afraid, it is the new condition of new, industrialized world. Through my design process, my strategy was “dealing with chaos through simple and intuitive design”. I used zoning and circulation as tactics. You may say “How can circulation be a tactic? It is necessary.” My way of using circulation is my way to deal with chaos. While determining circulation, I tried to direct people without confusion, in an open and simple manner while passing through every spaces.

 

 

Use of space -regardless of users body size, mobility, posture- considered. In my project, dimensions of ramps are determined by me while thinking involuntary conditions: width of ramps  are 2 meters, which is also comfortable for fluctuating people. Maximum slope of ramps is five, which is also determined while thinking various conditions. Also, variations of in hand and grip size, considered, size of tables determined with caring variations of user dimensions and variations of activity. In project, I designed lifts for material transportation which are necessary materials for producing. For example, on north facade, Studios, ateliers and workshops zone positioned. There is a wood workshop and size of lift which can transport boards through -5.00 to +5.00 considered while thinking dimension of boards. The size of lift is 350 cm x 400 cm. So, timbers can travel easily with lifts.:) Another example for this lifts is lift for temporary installations. The size of lift is 200 cm x 600 cm. It has rectangular form relating with usage of lift. For temporary installations, long and modular components would be beneficial which can be taken apart again. Dimension of created streets also thought while thinking hierarchical. For example, the main road which is transition zone, connects Kapalı Çarşı with east site is the widest road which also create spaces with expanding. However, not to contradict my agreed thoughts about Cedric Price, Rem Koolhaas and others that thought not dictating people while providing only dictated format, I tried to create many roads which connect various zones. Also zoning idea was interpreted by me while relating it with 21st century. My walls and interpreted thoughts about 21st centuries wall helped me to deal with limited zoning idea. Horizontal surfaces are dissolving into each other, through infiltrating from walls which are no more defining border between spaces.

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While designing, I used 1.5 level differences between spaces which are connected with ramps and stairs instead of separating floors from each other. There is no “first floor” “second floor”… which are connected with elevator and stairs, which have separate concepts from each other. Since it is a bazaar project, it is consist of experimental congestion, but this congestion controlled. To deal with separation of floors, I used ramps. So, floors are continuing and they emerged with the operation “folding”. I tried to allow users maintaining their neutral body position. As we know, plug sockets are essential and necessary in studios. The amount of plugs should be enough for users. Or in wood studio, they should not use stairs or ramps to reach tools. It should not be hard to buy timber or move it to somewhere.

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ARCH 302_MAIN PROJECT: CITY BAZAAR

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What is bazaar? It is a permanently enclosed marketplace or street, where goods and services are exchanged or sold. It is not only a place for trade, also for production, accomodation and more… Bazaar is a place of gathering inhabitants of an urban area which emerges around a commercial activity.

readings of the context: İzmir Kemeraltı

This is an urban research that approaches the context as laboratory of experiment in order to observe and explore tools of spatial organization. This urban research is for deriving ways of operations which are design acts and tools to respond complex urban situations. It is an urban based architectural understanding.

Here are the analysis that I made. Our site is between Kordon and Kemeraltı passage, it is a transition space. You can reach there from two roads: one is articulated to cultural fabric of the city, and other is articulated to social fabric of the city. Kemeraltı consist of many caravansaries. Mosques are took their place around Anafartalar Street. They are orienteers, Mosques remind you that you are getting into Kemeraltı Passage. The analysis underlined “interconnected fragmentation concept” is about this. You can investigate it.

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In this collage, I tried to understand the activity of buying, selling, storing in different scales. Every scale has its own programmatic requirements. First, you should zoom in and zoom more to examine what is inside the collage:) Scale study is for developing an architectural program for our site, searching new meanings and possibilities while working relations between different scales. I prepared a collage that has certain details in relation to its scale. There are sequences, experiences about exchange. Bazaar is not only a space for consumption.

for this collage, my reference is “Powers of Ten” :

Continuation of readings of the context: Izmir Kemeraltı

After analyzing existing conditions, I worked on previous solid void maps of the site. Kemeraltı consist of many caravanserai that built in the past. After analysis, I examine that our site was also consist of many caravanserai. Bold lines are underlining walls between caravanserais. Those walls are important for me: khans are thresholds, places where you sometimes “pass through” to reach somewhere. They connect various streets. After critics with my instructors, I tried to relate my thoughts about khans with these existing walls. Those walls were borders between khans. However my thoughts about khans are more than that: khans should be permeable for me. First, I tracked those previous remains of walls…

Horizontal surfaces are dissolving into vertical walls. Walls are also no more border. Dissolved surfaces creates a unity, which consist of zones. Walls are framing instances. Through walls, people experience framed living moments of others as Hogwarts portraits. 🙂

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FINAL JURY POSTS! CITY BAZAAR PROJECT

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The end of the semester has come! Today I had final jury. Here are some collages that I made with actual photographs that I took at our site: at İzmir Kemeraltı. Kemeraltı is a traditional district. Craftsmanship can be thought as the main source of the zone. Every street, you come across to craft shops. The space itself is both storage, display and production space. Since places that are in 0+ level provide space for several usage, trucks are obstacle to human circulation. In ground level, there should not be space that can be though as “back of house”. Everywhere is open for human access, but not available because of the traffic. My proposal to deal with this condition is going to be available in next post…