This chapter focuses on the period of when feudal system got stronger. Popes got power and had a role on decisions about the city such as urban design and regulation. At this times, architecture was directed by the religion. We can also understand this from their public structures. The most important structures were religious structures.

They made radical alterations, such as re-designing the city. They constructed new streets and layout the former stress according to new ones. That illustrates that, the changes in social life affects the environment. They re-planned the urban areas where church was placed. Basilicas (the religious structures) were the focus points such as cores. Re-designed residential areas built to provide the demands of growth population. The pope made decisions about the amount of budget that could be spend for architecture.

Rome had a min street that works as a spine. Most important changes occurred at the ends of this street. There is a part on the book that is about Y planning which used by Rome and contribute to the city planning. Y planning is meeting of three streets at an equal interval. Victories also contributed to new city roads. Campidoglio’s target was leading visitors movement in a deliberated axial movement. That planned road goes to senators Palace.

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