ARCH 221- POLIS AND ACROPOLIS

Ancient Greece civilization had advanced knowledge about many different subjects such as astronomy, mathematics and architecture. At this time, I will talk about their architectural approach while creating spaces.

Greek people had different approaches while creating enclosure. For example, they covered Piraeus with wall after Persian invasion. We can say, they create enclosure to differentiate their space, protecting Piraeus with bordering and separation. Athens, that was the largest Greek city were assuming that, they are the champions of Greece. Greek houses were looking inward as the ones in Mesopotamia. The rooms  usually built around the court. In someway, they were differentiating rooms according to function. For example, Andron was the room for men. It was located at the corner of the house to have more sunlight from two sides. There was a low raised platform around the walls for men where they were drinking while discussing. This platform can be assumed as a wall which used to create a space, not for enclosure. Pastas that was dividing the room was long and narrow room, located north of the court. With plan organizations, Megaron started to disappear. Colonies had orthogonal planning which creates dynamic interrelationship between building environment and the landscape such as Egypt. Because they were needing intelligibility for newcomers to understand the city easily.

Miletus who were creating the city according to orthogonal plan had sophisticated use of grid because of Hippodamos – grids inventor -. The city was at the western side of the Anatolia and had three kind of structures for farmers, soldiers and artisans. They create residential area with order. Agora was the marketplace of the city. People were having commercial activities at there. Stoa was the street that is next to Agora. It was sheltered but not enclosed and defined Agora. In Miletus, Agora and stoa became an element of total design.

Greeks did not apply totally enclosure to their constructions. They defined spaces with repetition of colonnades. People can enter the space between columns.

Romans remodeled the Great Agora. Their purpose was to achieve total enclosure. They created formal gates at axes and differentiated public spaces with enclosure from outside.

The Mycenaeon City had Skias, which had really different form for past-Mycenaeon Greek architecture. Skias was a round building. They defined central space by the columns. There were Bauleuterion which had rectangular form. The walls covered with platform and the center differentiated for the speaker. The position of the speaker was planned according to the needs: audiences should be able to hear the talker. They create spaces and differentiate spaces according to their purposes.

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